The language we speak has been recorded and used in a physical format for a very long time now. This requires an alphabet and English has seemingly opted for the Latin script, along with most of the Indo-European languages and all of the romance languages. The one exception is Persian which has adopted the Arabic script. This is what we are comfortable with and we would find no problems in at least reading another language if it were written in Latin script.
After Latin, the second most popular script is Arabic which is used for many African and Asian languages such as Arabic and Urdu. The Language has a hand in hand relationship with the religion of Islam. Arabic was first used in the Qur'an. Since it has been used for more and more languages and has evolved over the years, Arabic has added many new symbols to its set and now exists in several different collections.
There are 28 letters in the Arabic alphabet and English speakers may be surprised to learn that it is written from the right hand side of the page to the left. It is generally a cursive script which means it can be written with one movement of the hand across the paper or writing material. This occurs in English as well when we write using joined up handwriting. The point of this is generally to speed up the process of writing.
In a way, which is slightly similar to English, Arabic letters can change in from depending on whether they fall at the start, middle or end of a word.
Short vowel sounds are not written when transcribing Arabic whereas long ones are. This can be very difficult when trying to pronounce new words that you have not encountered before. It is always best to ask or use a pronunciation dictionary in these instances as you will otherwise find yourself being misunderstood.
When learning the alphabet, always practice your pronunciation with many different words. If you can, get someone to check your pronunciation and give you a few tips to remember so that you can avoid making embarrassing errors by mispronunciation.
Get the alphabet learnt! There is no way whatsoever that you can learn a whole language if you struggle with the alphabet. It's best to learn and revise the alphabet until you can sing it backwards to avoid any issues later on. Keep revising it just once at a time but several times a day and you will find yourself able to retain more of the information that you are learning.
On the whole, it is a complicated concept to get your head around but you can do it if you have just a little patience. It's different and you will not be able to understand it with just a knowledge of the Latin script. For this reason, it is necessary that you cement it firmly in your head before going any further. Do this and you will have no problems.